目的：观察应用行为分析法联合针刺大脑语言区治疗孤独症的临床疗效。方法：将60 例孤独症患儿按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组各30 例。观察组采用应用行为分析疗法联合针刺大脑语言区治疗，对照组采用针刺大脑语言区治疗。比较2 组治疗前后儿童孤独症评定量表（CARS） 评分、中文版儿童孤独症及相关发育障碍心理教育评定量表（C-PEP） 评分及孤独症儿童行为检查量表（ABC） 评分。结果：治疗前，2 组CARS、ABC 评分比较，差异无统计学意义（P＞0.05）。治疗后，2 组CARS、ABC 评分低于治疗前，且观察组CARS、ABC 评分均低于对照组，差异均有统计学意义（P＜0.05）。治疗前，2 组C-PEP 各项评分比较，差异无统计学意义（P＞0.05）。治疗后，2 组C-PEP 各项评分较治疗前升高，且观察组C-PEP 各项评分均高于对照组，差异均有统计学意义（P＜0.05）。结论：应用行为分析法联合针刺大脑语言区治疗孤独症患儿效果较好，可以有效减轻患儿的孤独症症状，提高患儿适应社会能力。
Abstract：Objective：To observe the clinical effect of applied behavior analysis combined with acupuncture at language areas of brain for autism. Methods：A total of 60 cases of children with autism were divided into the observation group and the control group according to the random number method，with 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with applied behavior analysis combined with acupuncture at language areas of brain， and the control group was treated with acupuncture at language areas of brain. Before and after treatment， the scores of Childhood Autism Rating Scale(CARS)， Chinese version of Psycho- educational Profile(C- PEP) of children with autism spectrum disorder， and Autism Behavior Checklist(ABC) in the two groups were compared. Results： Before treatment， there was no significant difference being found in the comparison of scores of CARS and ABC between the two groups(P＞0.05). After treatment，the scores of CARS and ABC in the two groups were lower than those before treatment，and the scores of CARS and ABC in the observation group were lower than those in the control group， differences being significant(P＜0.05). Before treatment， there was no significant difference being found in the comparison of C- PEP scores between the two groups(P＞0.05). After treatment， each score in C-PEP in the two groups was increased when compared with that before treatment，and each score in C-PEP in the observation group was higher than that in the control group， differences being significant(P＜0.05). Conclusion： Applied behavior analysis combined with acupuncture at language areas has a good effect in treating children with autism， which can effectively relieve their symptoms of autism and improve their ability to adapt to society.